February 20 is celebrated as the “World Day of Social Justice” as declared by the UN General Assembly in 2007. It focuses on issues like employment, social protection, social dialogue and fundamental principles. So today, we look back at some of the prominent movements all around the world that took bolder and life-altering stands against social inequality only to make the world a better place for diversity and equality to exist.
- Salt March: Widely known as the Salt Satyagraha or the Dandi March was led by our very own Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. The movement was a protest against the taxation imposed on the consumption of Salt in the form of a long march by people who produced salt from seawater despite duties being imposed on this process. Movements like this were a part of a broader movement like the Civil Disobedience movement that made use of non-cooperation to get unfair laws altered.
- Anti-Apartheid: Apartheid was a practice of racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa between 1948- 1991 in the form of official discriminatory laws and policies imposed by the Government. This movement saw Leaders like Nelson Mandela come forward to eradicate it from the country.
- Girls education: Mahatma Jyotirao Phule encouraged his wife Savitribai Phule to study in a time in India when education for women was not permitted. He not only encouraged her but propagated education for other girls to study and strived his entire life to bring about a revolution in India that allowed girls to be seen as individuals who are equal to men.
- Chipko movement: The Chipko movement was an act by commoners in a village against deforestation who, in a bid to keep woodcutters at bay and protect the environment, started hugging trees. That created a wave of revolution encouraging the Government to put a ban on wood cutting.
- Black Lives matter: This is an international movement by the African-American community in the United States against violence, systemic racism toward black people, police brutality in the form of protests.
- LGBT: The LGBT movement has been ongoing since 1972 and it focuses on getting equal recognition, acceptance and rights for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender people. This movement has eventually grown to gain more momentum with more and more supporting it.
The Anti-corruption movement in India, feminist movements, the Civil Disobedience movement, the Non-cooperation movement were some of the other prominent movements.